PHP Insert Data Into MySQL

Insert Data Into MySQL Using MySQLi and PDO

After a database and a table have been created, we can start adding data in them.

Here are some syntax rules to follow:

  • The SQL query must be quoted in PHP
  • String values inside the SQL query must be quoted
  • Numeric values must not be quoted
  • The word NULL must not be quoted

The INSERT INTO statement is used to add new records to a MySQL table:

INSERT INTO table_name (column1, column2, column3,…)
VALUES (value1, value2, value3,…)

Example (MySQLi Object-oriented)

<?php
$servername = “localhost”;
$username = “username”;
$password = “password”;
$dbname = “myDB”;

// Create connection
$conn = new mysqli($servername, $username, $password, $dbname);
// Check connection
if ($conn->connect_error) {
die(“Connection failed: ” . $conn->connect_error);
}

$sql = “INSERT INTO MyGuests (firstname, lastname, email)
VALUES (‘John’, ‘Doe’, ‘john@example.com’)”;

if ($conn->query($sql) === TRUE) {
echo “New record created successfully”;
} else {
echo “Error: ” . $sql . “<br>” . $conn->error;
}

$conn->close();
?>

Example (MySQLi Procedural)

<?php
$servername = “localhost”;
$username = “username”;
$password = “password”;
$dbname = “myDB”;

// Create connection
$conn = mysqli_connect($servername, $username, $password, $dbname);
// Check connection
if (!$conn) {
die(“Connection failed: ” . mysqli_connect_error());
}

$sql = “INSERT INTO MyGuests (firstname, lastname, email)
VALUES (‘John’, ‘Doe’, ‘john@example.com’)”;

if (mysqli_query($conn, $sql)) {
echo “New record created successfully”;
} else {
echo “Error: ” . $sql . “<br>” . mysqli_error($conn);
}

mysqli_close($conn);
?>

Example (PDO)

<?php
$servername = “localhost”;
$username = “username”;
$password = “password”;
$dbname = “myDBPDO”;

try {
$conn = new PDO(“mysql:host=$servername;dbname=$dbname”, $username, $password);
// set the PDO error mode to exception
$conn->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
$sql = “INSERT INTO MyGuests (firstname, lastname, email)
VALUES (‘John’, ‘Doe’, ‘john@example.com’)”;
// use exec() because no results are returned
$conn->exec($sql);
echo “New record created successfully”;
}
catch(PDOException $e)
{
echo $sql . “<br>” . $e->getMessage();
}

$conn = null;
?>

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